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Self-study Lessons > French > Beginner >

FRENCH VERBS. Ending in OIR (third class) Lesson N°4

by RD LT

French regular verbs are generally grouped in three classes or conjugations ending in "ER (1st class), "IR"(2d class) , and others like"RE", "IRE", "OIR" (3d class).

VERBS ENDING IN "OIR" (third class)

Note: Those verbs take generally "s", "s", "t" or "d"   and "ons", "ez", "ent" when they are conjugated with personal pronouns (subject).


                           VOIR         to see

                          Indicative present

          je vois                               nous voyons     voions (error)

          tu vois                               vous voyez       voiez (error)

   il / elle voit                         ils / elles  voient

                          ASSEOIR          to seat , to sit

                           Indicative present

          j'assois    asseois (error)             nous_assoyons    assoions (error)

       tu assois          "                             vous_assoyez       assoiez (error)

il / elle assoit          "                       ils / elles_assoient

Note:  Case of "liaison".  To link two words together.

 In most cases, when a word begins with a vowel or a muet "h", it is joined with the last consonant of the preceding word.  Especially with "s" and "x"  or  "t" and "d".

Example: nous_aimons   we love.               Sept_heures       seven o'clock 

In such cases, final "s" or "x" are pronounced as "z".

Example: nous_aimons.           Six_ans         six years

 Final "d" is pronounced as "t".

Example: Un grand_homme         a great man.

 (Normaly we don't use the underline to mark a "liaison".  I do it here just for teach.)

                              S'ASSEOIR             to sit down

                                Indicative present

Note: "S"=(SE) is a reflexive pronoun.

Reflexive pronouns become "me", "te", "se" and "nous", "vous", "se" when they are conjugeted with personal pronouns (subject).

Example:        Je me ....                                   nous nous ....

                      tu te ....                                     vous vous ....

               il / elle se ....                              ils / elles se ....

"me", "te", "se" are shortened to "m' ", "t' " and "s' " before a vowel or a muet "h".


                    Je m'assois      I sit down            nous nous_assoyons      we sit down

                    tu t'assois       you sit down        vous vous_assoyez        you sit down

           il / elle s'assoit   he/she sits down   ils / elles s'assoient          they sit down

                        DEVOIR            ought ,  should , must

                       Indicative present

          je dois     devois (error)                 nous devons

          tu dois     devois (error)                 vous devez

   il / elle doit     devoit (error)            ils / elles doivent

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