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by S.P. Iyer

Adjectives and adverbs

These are called modifiers

An adjective modifies or describes a NOUN or a PRONOUN
Adjectives answer questions such as-    Which one? -How many? - What kind of?
I will take that pencil.   (Which pencil ?  that  pencil
Two Ice cream cups       (How many cups ? two cups
John spotted a huge animal    (What kind animal ?  huge animal
Kinds of adjectives
1-   Demonstrative adjectives
this/that/these/those  are called demonstrative adjectives  answering the question which one(s)
Note- this/that/these can also act as pronouns taking the place of nouns i.e Give me that and I will give you this
2-Common adjectives
It describes noun in a common way and not capitalized unless it is a first word in a sentense
i.e    funny/red/juicy/soft/colorful/bitter/warm  etc
3-Proper adjective
Proper adjectives are formed from proper nouns
You all know that a proper noun names a specific person,place,thing ,idea,animal,quality and action and it is capitalized
Consequently the proper adjectives must also be capitalized
Proper noun          proper adjective
America                  American
Asia                        Asian
Africa                      African
4-Indefinite adjectives
They describ general qualities
i,e    all/another/any/both/each/either/few/many/more/most/other /several/some
         Some  students enjoing reading story books
         Many languages are very difficult to learn
They are special types of objectives that point to nouns
        a - Indefenite article-  They points to any one of a group of people or things without pointing to a
              specific person or a thing
               The two indefinite articles are       an     and     a
                an    used before nouns begin with a vowel (a,e,i,o,u and y sometimes)
                 a      used before nouns that begin with consonant(all the letters that are not vowel)
         b- This points to a specific thing or a person
              There is only one definite article   ---   the
Some students use the same adjectives throughout their writings.
You can avoid thiss type of writings by learning the words that have similar meaning which are called
i.e       small/little          old/ancient     big/large       pretty/attractive      key/main    new/fresh
YOU CAN FIND SYNONYMS IN A BOOK CALLED  - THESAURUS.  It is similar to a dictionary
Comparison of ADJECTIVES
(describing one)       (comparing two)     (comparing more than two)
These are called degrees
great                        greater                    greatest     -add  er    and     est if the adjective end with a consonant
happy                       happier                    happiest
ugly                          uglier                        ugliest       -change  y   to  i  and add er  and  est if the adjective end
                                                                                     with   y
many                        more                         most     )    -Irregular adjectives  that don't follow the rules
good                         better                       best      )
bad                           worse                       worst    )
little                           littler                        littlest        -add    r   and  st  if the adjestive end with   e
Usually an adjective comes in front of the noun it is describing
The adjective can also come after a linking verb   - to be   and describe the subject of a sentence
It is called a predicate adjective
The Creature       was                    huge 
 (noun)               (linking verb)       (adjective)


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