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Self-study Lessons > Turkish > Beginner >

Negatives with Plurals

by Orhan HOCA


PLURAL-ÇOĞUL

Nouns are made plural by adding that plural suffixes -lar or-ler, according to the rules of vowel harmony (if the last vowel of the noun word is a, ı, o or u add -lar, if it is e, i, ö or ü add -ler).

kitap   kitaplar  araba            arabalar 

book   books Car               cars

As bir  refers to singularity, it is not used with plurals.

bir araba= a car                arabalar=cars              bir otobüs= a bus         otobüsler=buses

BUNLAR, ŞUNLAR, ONLAR

We have already seen bu, şu and o as the singular pronouns, now the forms bunlar, şunlar and onlar are introduced.

bu    bunlar-- şu    şunlar-- o      onlar

this  these -- that  those -- it      they

As you can see, in order to make plurals with bu, şu and o, the letter n is added before the plural siffix-lar

bu-n-lar,  şu-n-lar,  o-n-lar

To make Bu bir evdir plural, bu changes to bunlar, ev to evler, and bir is omitted

Bu bir evdir.= This a house                       Bunlar evlerdir.=These are houses

Practice

A:Make plural.
adam,çocuk,masa,sandalya,anahtar,çiçek,bahçe,park,tren,otobüs,kedi,köpek

B: Make sentences plural.
1.Bu bir defterdr. 
2.Şu bir çantadır. 
3.O bir parktır. 
4.Bu bir resimdir. 
5.Şu bir öğretmendir. 
 
C:Answer using the words
1.Bu nedir? 
2.Şunlar nedir ?(köpek)
3.Bunlar nedir?(ağaç)
4.Onlar nedir(çiçek) 
5.Şunlar nedir?(kapı)








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