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Self-study Lessons > English > All levels >

LEARNING ENGLISH 14

by S.P. Iyer


Refreshing notes

There are three main tenses-Tense means time in grammar
Present tense  - simple/continuous/perfect/past participle
Past tense        -simple/continuous/perfect/past participle
Future tense     -simple/continuous/perfect/past participle
 
The tense of a verb tell uss you when the action of the verbs takes place
                                         
Singular                  Plural
 
Present tense (simple)-routinely  action-regular
I eat                         We eat                     *The students should note that the usage of
                                                                    irregular verbs applies here
You run                    You run                      * to the regular verbs you add -d  or  ed(past tense)
He,She,sleeps        They sleep                    * when the regular verbs refer to the activities of third persons
                                                                      ie He/She/It you have to add -s (present tense)
 
Past tense (simple)-routinely action of yesterday or of any time before-regular
I ate                         We ate
You ran                     You ran                        * Take note of the irregular verbs applications
He,She,slept           They slept
 
 
Future tense  (simple))-routinely action that will commence tomorrow or at  any time in the future
I will eat                   We will eat
You shall run             You shall run                 *Take note of the irregular verbs applications
He,She,will sleep          They will sleep
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------      
Present tense (continuous action -now)-
I am eating                      We are eating                    
You are running                 You are running                                     *You have to just add  ---ing to the verb
He,She, is sleeping           They are sleeping
 
Past tense (continuous action of yesterday or at any time in the past)
I was  eating                    We were eating
You were running              You were running
He,She,was sleeping        They were sleeping
 
Future tense(action will be started and continuous at a particular time in the future)
I will be  eating               We will be eating
You will be running            You will be running
He,She, will be sleeping     They will be sleeping
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Present perfect tense(started in the past and recently finished)
 I have  eaten       We have eaten
 You  have run    You have run
 He,She,has slept   They have slept                                                          *Take note of the irregular verbs
 
Past perfect tense(finished before some other past action)
I had  eaten        We had eaten
You had  run    You had run
He,She, had slept   They had slept
 
Future perfect tense(action will have been started and finished  before a particular time in the future)
I will have eaten      We will have eaten
You will have run   You will have run
He,She, will  have slept   They will have slept
 
 
 
 
 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Past participle-Present tense-Started action in the past and continues still
 
I have been eating          We have been eating                                     *You just add ---ing to the verb
You have been running      You have been running
He,She, has been sleeping    They have been sleeping
 
Past participle -Past tense-started action and was in progress at  a particular time in the past 
I had been eating            We had been eating
You had been running        You had been running
He,She, had been sleeping    They had been sleeping
 
Past participle-Future Tense-action will be in progress at  a particular time in the future
I will have been eating         We will have been eating
You will have been running        You will have been running
He,She, will have been sleeping         They will have been sleeping
 
 
 
 







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